Our choice about the filling material, from the different possible versions, is determined by the fence width, the punch size of the mesh and our imagination and creativity. However, we are advised to allow for some regulations:
5x20cm punched mesh - must be filled with stones of fraction 50-80-90cm
2.4x20cm punched mesh - must be filled with stones of 22-32mm < fraction >90mm.
This way, our fence will turn out nice-looking and we can avoid the development of „nests” (unwanted big sized holes) and can also create unique patterns by the use of stones of contrasting colours.
Besides stone, the filling material can also be any anti-freeze material e.g. broken tiles, glasses or timber (Illustration 1.).
We recommend the same filling material for flowerboxes and other garden accessories as what is used for the fence, or perhaps one that is in harmony with the environment and is of high ornamental value (e.g. rosé or blue-grey marble). By the utilization of white limestone, we can also obtain a remarkably aesthetic look.
The retaining walls' filling must be determined upon the exact role and location of the wall. The filling of a Double-twisted Mesh Gabion, that fits perfectly into the environment and can be well adjusted to the terrain, should be a type of stone which is of greater fraction (between 90 and 250 mm), rustic, simple looking and preferably locally mined.
There is a greater emphasis on the aesthetics in case of a Welded Mesh Gabion located in more heavily visited areas e.g. in residential areas, on house fronts, in towns’ common areas.
In this case, not only the choice for an aesthetic and natural-looking filling material, but also the actual filling method is of great importance, i.e. on the visible sides by hand or by machine avoiding alterations and corrections.
An aesthetic looking retaining wall can be created from Arch-shaped Gabions as well. These baskets can be filled with stones of fraction approx. 80mm in a fast and proper way.
The above-mentioned products can also be filled with growing medium and therefore can be planted. The stone and the plants can also be combined. Thereby, the green space can be enlarged, which is an especially important aspect in the case of small sized gardens, terraces and roof-gardens.
By the variation of the different filling materials, there are a number of possibilities for creating a unique gabion system. At many locations, for example in France actual art is born by the creative application of the filling materials.
The filling stone of the mattress - that are used especially at water construction works – must be chosen according to the mattress breadth. Generally, we can say that the most appropriate stone is one of fraction 90-120mm, broken and frost-proof.